Tags Share your voice Bill Gates Post a comment Bill Gates curated the MIT Technology Review’s 2019 10 Breakthrough Technologies list. Getty Images Cancer vaccines and smooth-talking AI assistants are all on Bill Gates’ list of technologies to watch for. The MIT Technology Review on Wednesday released its 2019 10 Breakthrough Technologies list, which was curated by Gates. It was the publication’s first time having a guest editor choose what would land on list. “Bill’s list reflects his belief that we’re approaching a tipping point in humanity’s technological development — from technologies that mostly make life longer to those that mostly make it better,” said Gideon Lichfield, editor-in-chief of the Review, in a release. “His choices highlight some of what he considers the most important challenges and opportunities of our time.” Here are the 10 technologies, ranging from climate change to health care to artificial intelligence:Robot dexterity: robot hands that can manipulate unfamiliar objects on their own.New-wave nuclear power: both fission and fusion reactor designs that can bring down carbon emissions.Predicting preemies: a blood test that can warn of a preterm birth.Gut probe in a pill: a swallowable device that can show the digestive tract and perform biopsies.Custom cancer vaccines: a treatment that helps the body’s own immune system to target only tumor cells.The cow-free burger: plant-based and lab-grown meat alternatives that could cut emissions from the food industry.Carbon dioxide catcher: techniques for absorbing CO2 from the air and locking it away.An ECG on your wrist: smartwatch’s ability to monitor someone’s heart health and get early warnings of problems.Sanitation without sewers: a self-contained toilet that can tackle disease and unpleasant living conditions.Smooth-talking AI assistants: advances in natural language processing that make digital assistants capable of more natural conversations.You can read more about the technologies in the MIT Technology Review. Gates earlier this week answered questions from Redditors during his Ask Me Anything session, including his thoughts on taxes, climate change, terrorism and other lighter topics. Tech Industry Sci-Tech 0
Members of the Transparency International Bangladesh group stand in a human chain during a protest in Dhaka on 21 April, 2019, following Nusrat Jahan Rafi`s murder by being set on fire after she had reported a sexual assault. Photo: AFPThe government has ordered some 27,000 schools to set up committees to prevent sexual violence, an official said Sunday, after a teenager who accused a teacher of sexual harassment was burned to death.The killing of 19-year-old Nusrat Jahan Rafi has sparked outrage across the South Asian nation of 165 million people and put police action in the case under the spotlight.Protesters in the capital Dhaka staged demonstrations for an 11th day on Sunday, seeking “exemplary punishment” for the killers of the girl.Police say she was lured to the rooftop of the Islamic seminary she attended in Feni, south of the capital, where her attackers ordered her to withdraw a police complaint against the head of the school.When she refused, she was doused in kerosene and set on fire.Nusrat died in hospital on 10 April after suffering 80 per cent burns. At least 20 people, including the head teacher, have been arrested.Activists say the murder has exposed a “culture of impunity” surrounding sex crimes against women and children, and that fact that those who report harassment often suffer a backlash.Amid nationwide protests, the Bangladesh government has ordered more than 27,000 schools and colleges to form five-member committee to prevent sexual violence, an official said.”The committee will be led by female teachers. They will take steps to prevent sexual harassment and take up any complaints,” the director of the Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, Shahedul Khabir Chowdhury, told AFP.He said the committees were being formed by an order from the country’s high court, which in 2009 laid down a set of guidelines to prevent sexual harassment of women and children at workplaces, schools and on the streets.Nusrat went to police in late March to report the harassment and a leaked video shows the local police station chief registering her complaint but dismissing it as “not a big deal”.Police said at least five of those under arrest, including three of Rafi’s classmates, tied her up with a scarf before setting her on fire. They had planned to pass off the death as a suicide.Prime minister Sheikh Hasina has vowed that all those involved will face action and police say they are investigating why more was not done to protect Nusrat.More than 100 protesters at the country’s elite Dhaka University held hands to form a human chain as part of continued demonstrations over the grisly murder.”I joined the protest because Nusrat Rafi’s murder was a wake-up call for all our women,” Dhaka University student Antara Labiba told AFP.”I am also a victim of sexual harassment. I think most women in Bangladesh face sexual harassment in their families, schools, markets and workplaces,” she said.The Manusher Jonno Foundation, a non-government group, says there have been at least 39 cases of children under 18 being raped in Bangladesh since 2 April.Another eight have been subjected to sexual harassment, the group says.