Giants’ Bochy and Zaidi timelines merging for 1 crossover season

first_imgFor more 2019 MLB preview stories, check out our Bay Area baseball guide.This isn’t the turning of a page – it’s the authoring of a new book.For a quarter century, Giants manager Bruce Bochy has done it his way. Guided by his gut, Bochy stood at the top step of the dugout while San Francisco penned the golden chapters of its franchise history.But it’s been five long years since that copy went to press, and after multiple failed attempts to keep the story alive, the Giants have found a new …last_img read more

Solving Comfort Problems Caused by Attic Kneewalls

first_imgHow to do kneewalls the right wayGeorgia recognized this problem about a decade ago and started requiring all attic kneewalls to have sheathing on the attic side and to be insulated to at least R-18. The best way to provide that sheathing is to use a rigid material. I’ve seen OSB (oriented strand board), foamboard, and structural or non-structural cardboard sheathing materials like Thermo-ply.I’ve also seen attic kneewalls sheathed with non-rigid materials, mainly housewrap. (See Figure 6.) It’s possible to use housewrap on kneewalls and to do it well. On the left side of that photo, however, notice the opening around the light switch.On the other side of that bonus room, the kneewall was in much worse shape. (See Figure 7.) It looks like the installers just shoved it in the direction of the kneewall and hoped the inspector wouldn’t look, notice, or care. Notice the batt that has fallen away from the wall in there, too. It’s right above the yellow part of the housewrap. This clearly will lead to extra energy use for heating and cooling and possibly callbacks from the new homeowners who find this room to be the least comfortable room in the house.I’d prefer to see a rigid material on attic kneewalls (Figures 8 and 9). Both can be done poorly, of course, and I’ve seen both done poorly. I think the rigid material will do a better job with air sealing, though, and will stay intact longer. Here are the three keys to sheathing an attic kneewall properly:Cover the whole wall.Seal all the edges, penetrations, and seams.Sheathe the kneewall during framing for new construction.Another word of caution here: A lot of times, framers don’t use top plates for kneewalls. They just nail the studs to the rafters instead because it’s easier and faster. For new construction, you’ve got to make sure the build a proper kneewall by including a top plate. If you’re fixing an existing home, you’ll have to put some kind of sheathing at the top of each cavity as well so the insulation will be completely encapsulated on all six sides. RELATED ARTICLES Cape Cod Style Homes Are Difficult to HeatKeeping Cool in a Two-Story HouseGBA Encyclopedia: Vented or Unvented Attic?Q&A: I need help insulating a kneewall Two Ways to Insulate Attic Kneewalls Do it rightDoing things in the right order is key, no matter what material you use. Sheathing the kneewalls should happen during framing, before the electricians, HVAC contractors, and other trades get in there. Then, anyone who cuts a hole in the sheathing is responsible for sealing it. Do that and you avoid the mess you see with the housewrap above and instead end up with something like the kneewall below (Figures 7 and 8), which I saw while doing quality assurance in Nashville for our friends, E3 Innovate.There you have it. Attic kneewalls often cause big comfort problems in homes. Getting them right is fairly straightforward but takes time and attention to detail. The results are worth it, though, in happy clients, lower energy bills, and personal satisfaction that you’re doing great work. Now, if we can just get designers to cut back on the amount of kneewalls to begin with! In Texas, they call them “hot walls.” My friend Mike Barcik likes to say they’re what separate you from the blast furnace. Down here in the warmer climate zones, where attics get up to 8,000°F (well, that may be a slight exaggeration), many people call them a liability. (Sadly, architects haven’t gotten the message.)In the world of building science, we call them attic kneewalls — walls that separate conditioned space from an unconditioned attic. They’re also the cause of many comfort problems, especially in bonus rooms. What’s wrong with attic kneewalls?People who have a bonus room find that it’s often the least comfortable room in the house. Why? The main reason is that they’re the most flawed part of the building enclosure, especially the attic kneewalls. In the photo above, the kneewall is the short wall with the door in it.Now, an attic kneewall has to perform better than an exterior wall in summer because there’s a bigger temperature difference across it than there is across an exterior wall. If it’s 95°F outside, it could be up to 130°F in the attic. Since heat flow increases when you have a higher temperature difference, you can see why attic kneewalls must perform better to keep the house comfortable and efficient. Unfortunately, if you have a bonus room or FROG (finished room over garage), you may be aware that rooms with attic kneewalls are often a liability. Many of bonus rooms have surfaces that are nearly all part of the building enclosure, allowing for more heat loss or gain than a typical room in the house. (See Figure 2, below, for a diagram of the heat flows in summer.) If you’re adventurous, you may have even made a little visit to the other side of those walls and seen horrors like I’ve shown in Figures 3 and 4 below.Bonus rooms have a number of problems, and kneewalls are often one of the biggest. Kneewalls also occur in other parts of homes, especially in larger homes. We did some quality assurance on a home recently that had over 1,000 square feet of kneewalls. So, let’s look at the main problems with kneewalls now:The fiberglass batt insulation has fallen out or is displaced from the cavity.The insulation doesn’t fit properly or completely fill the cavity, allowing attic air to be in contact with the drywall.The insulation doesn’t have any attic-side sheathing.Although not strictly a kneewall problem, floor joists running below the kneewall often lack any kind of block or air-sealing.Where the first problem occurs, the insulation is doing nothing. It may be rated R-13 or R-19, but it performs as R-0 because the unconditioned air goes right around it. The second problem is similar, but if the insulation does make good contact with the kneewall, you get a little benefit. The third problem, lack of sheathing, degrades the performance so that an R-13 batt may perform like an R-7. Fiberglass doesn’t stop air movement, which is why the R-value comes from testing done on fully encapsulated batts. The fourth problem, lack of blocking between the joists, means that there’s nothing to stop hot or cold attic air from getting under the floor of the conditioned space. (See Figure 5.)If you think I had to look hard to find photos like those two shown with problems, think again. I’ve got photos like this from a majority of the houses with attic kneewalls that I’ve been in. Unless the builder certified the house in a program that requires attic-side sheathing or someone fixed the problem later, this is the standard practice for insulating attic kneewalls, at least here in the Southeast. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.last_img read more

Vizzy Trophy to be revived in 2011-12

first_imgHere’s some good news for promising university cricketers. The prestigious Vizzy Trophy, the highest platform for up and coming students to exhibit their talent, is being revived this season.In 2010-11, the premier inter-zonal tournament, which used to be organised jointly by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) and the Indian cricket board, wasn’t held, reportedly due to sharp differences between them over financial issues.As a result, the AIU informed the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) that it won’t be organising the tournament from the 2011-12 season onwards. BCCI president Shashank Manohar informed at a meeting of the Board’s working committee on April 27 that the AIU has declined to host the tournament and that the Board would organise it “on its own”. However, contrary to this announcement, the BCCI didn’t make any provision for the Vizzy Trophy in its budget for 2011-12.BCCI treasurer MP Pandove confirmed that the Board has stopped sponsoring the tournament, named after former India Test captain Maharajkumar of Vizianagram, popularly known as ‘Vizzy’. “As far as the BCCI is concerned, we have nothing to do with the Vizzy Trophy,” Pandove told Mail Today. Also, the Board’s Vizzy Trophy Committee, headed by Arindam Ganguly, didn’t meet even once during the 2011-12 season, and there’s no chance of it meeting now as the BCCI’s annual general body meeting is just a few days away (September 19 and 20).But an AIU circular informed universities a couple of days ago that the tournament was being “revived”. Although the dates haven’t been announced, the tournament’s traditional dates have been from February 2-9. The last edition of the tournament was, however, played in March 2010. Teams from four university zones – east, west, north, and south – compete in the Vizzy Trophy that has thrown up some well known players.advertisementSanjay Manjrekar is one of the most prominent players to have emerged from the intervarsity cricket, having once scored six successive centuries in a zonal tournament that propelled him to higher grades of cricket.Gurdeep Singh, under secretary (sports) with the AIU, made the announcement that will bring cheer to students.”The Vizzy Trophy men’s cricket tournament was introduced to arouse the interest amongst university students. The conduct of the Vizzy Trophy tournament was discontinued due to certain unavoidable reasons in 2010-11,” he wrote in his letter to the universities across the country.Gurdeep informed that the decision to revive the tournament was taken at an AIU Sports Board meeting. “The issue regarding this prestigious competition was discussed and it was decided to restart the popular cricket event with a view to identify talented players and train them on scientific lines for high performance at the national and international level,” he wrote.”In view of the above, the decision of the AIU Sports Board may kindly be brought to the notice of all cricket players of your university and its affiliated colleges for advance information and necessary action,” he said. “In this regard, the schedule of the tournament will be communicated to all the stakeholders in due course of time.” The BCCI and AIU had jointly organised the tournament for several years. But differences cropped up over budget, expenditure and related issues, besides the reported personal animosity between a few top officials.Sources say that the BCCI hadn’t been getting satisfactory explanation for the expenditure from the AIU. Money was only one reason for the fallout between the BCCI and the AIU. “A couple of top officials of both bodies also fought over the entitlement of air travel. The BCCI used to provide economy class travel allowance to Vizzy Trophy committee members while one particular AIU official sought JClass. Eventually, it became a major issue,” said a source.last_img read more

Scandal and justice: #MeToo reached the sports world in 2018

first_imgLOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue BREAKING: Corrections officer shot dead in front of Bilibid FILE – In this Jan. 19, 2018, file photo, former Olympian Aly Raisman confronts Larry Nassar during victim impact statements in the fourth day of sentencing in Lansing, Mich., of the former sports doctor who pled guilty to multiple counts of sexual assault. (Matthew Dae Smith/Lansing State Journal via AP, File)One by one they came forward, more than 150 in all. Fearful yet defiant. Vulnerable but resolute, buoyed by the hope of catharsis and the promise of justice.Standing in a Michigan courtroom last January, women and girls sexually abused by Larry Nassar confronted the former Michigan State University and USA Gymnastics doctor, and over seven draining days detailed the devastating effect the molestation had on their lives.ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Andy Murray advances in Brisbane in latest comeback from injury SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion The #MeToo movement reached the sports world in 2018 with a scandal that reverberated not just in locker rooms and gyms but in courthouses, in boardrooms and at kitchen tables. The sight of women being not just heard but believed — combined with other breakthroughs for female athletes in the fight for fair treatment — created a sense of real momentum in sports over the past year.Female athletes “are taking control, and that’s what it’s all about,” tennis star Serena Williams said. “Taking control of who you are.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionWhile 2017 brought the downfall of TV personalities Matt Lauer and Charlie Rose and Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein, a scandal in the sports world that had been brewing for a few years blew up in 2018 into shocking front-page news.Nassar was sentenced to 40 to 175 years in prison in a case that has had widespread and devastating fallout. Michigan State agreed to settle victims’ lawsuits for $500 million. The university president lost her job and was charged with lying to police. Others at the school or at gymnastics’ national governing body, USA Gymnastics, also face charges. And the future of the organization is in limbo. TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening MOST READ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES “The fact Simone is able to effect the amount of change she’s been able to is a testament that athletes are starting to have a little bit of power,” said former gymnast Rachael Denhollander, who filed a criminal complaint against Nassar in 2016.The year 2018 also saw the swift downfall of former Carolina Panthers owner Jerry Richardson — who sold the team and was fined $2.75 million by the NFL after he was accused of sexual harassment — and the continued pursuit of equal treatment of women in sports like tennis and soccer.The French Open angered some in May when it declined to seed three-time winner Williams following a 14-month break from tennis in which she gave birth to a daughter. Last week, the women’s tennis tour announced that starting in 2019, players coming off maternity leave or major injury may use a special ranking for up to three years upon their return.“Serena is mainly responsible for bringing that issue to the forefront: Should you be treated the same for pregnancy as you are if you miss time with an injury?” tennis Hall of Famer Chris Evert said. The new rule “obviously was an advancement in the women’s game.”The push by female athletes to transform their sports wasn’t limited to the U.S.The South Korean women’s curling team that won a surprise silver at the 2018 Olympics came forward in November to complain of verbal and psychological abuse by their handlers, a pattern that included withholding prize money and threatening to bench the captain after learning she wanted to start a family. The handlers admitted to some of the allegations but denied others while resigning under pressure this month.And members of Argentina’s women’s soccer team used social media to express mounting frustration over unequal treatment, including being barred from the training complex traditionally reserved for the men and receiving minimal financial support. Argentine soccer officials relented, allowing the women to work out at the same facility as the men.“Teams are standing up and saying — and it’s South America, it’s Africa, it’s Europe — ‘This isn’t good enough, this isn’t right,’” said two-time Women’s World Cup champion-turned-TV analyst Julie Foudy.As for the effect on the world outside sports, Denhollander, who is now a lawyer, said prosecutors have told her about a spike in the number of abuse victims from other walks of life coming forward since Nassar’s sentencing. Still, she cautioned that the Nassar case was just one battle in a continuing fight.“The cultural impact is huge,” Denhollander said. “The personal impact, feeling like they can finally tell someone, that’s huge. On the flip side, there’s a danger of feeling like we’ve accomplished more than we really have.” Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? Jordyn Wieber, a member of the gold-medal 2012 Olympic gymnastics team, planned to detail her allegations against Nassar quietly in a lawsuit. Yet as she watched other victims share the most difficult memories of their lives in open court, with their tormentor 20 feet away and a TV camera broadcasting it to the world, Wieber decided to testify, too.“I saw this effect and this power we as Olympians had by using our voice,” the 23-year-old Wieber told The Associated Press. “I felt really responsible to do that. If I could do one small thing in the world of gymnastics, the world of sports, this was it. I knew it wasn’t going to be easy, but I felt like it was worth it.”The young women also played a role in trying to hold USA Gymnastics and other organizations accountable for the way Nassar’s abuse went unchecked for decades.When USA Gymnastics continued to use the Karolyi Ranch training center in Texas even after victims told of how they were abused by Nassar there, reigning Olympic champion and Nassar victim Simone Biles went on Twitter to ask why. The organization announced almost immediately it was leaving the facility.Biles took then-USA Gymnastics president Kerry Perry to task in August for not speaking up to outline a way forward for the embattled organization. Perry resigned less than a month later.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

Types of ileostomy

first_imgAlternate NamesIleostomy – types; Standard ileostomy; Brooke ileostomy; Continent ileostomy; Abdominal pouch; End ileostomy; OstomyDescriptionYou had an injury or disease in your digestive system and needed an operation called an ileostomy. The operation changed the way your body gets rid of waste (stool, feces, or poop).Now you have an opening called a stoma in your belly. Waste will pass through the stoma into a pouch that collects it. You will need to take care of the stoma and empty the pouch many times a day.What to Expect at HomeStool that comes from your ileostomy is thin or thick liquid. It is not solid like the stool that came from your rectum. You must take care of the skin around the stoma.You can still do normal activities, such as traveling, playing sports, swimming, doing things with your family, and working. You will learn how to take care of your stoma and pouch as part of your daily routine. Your ileostomy will not shorten your life.What Does an Ileostomy Do? An ileostomy is a surgically made opening on the skin of the belly. An ileostomy replaces the rectum as the place where waste of the digestive system (stool) leaves the body.Usually the colon (large intestine) absorbs most of the water that you eat and drink. With an ileostomy in place, the colon is no longer being used. This means that the stool from your ileostomy has far more liquid than a typical bowel movement from the rectum.advertisementThe stool now comes outfrom the ileostomy and empties into a pouch that is attached to the skin around your stoma. The pouch is made to fit your body well. You must wear it all the time.The waste that collects will be liquid or pasty, depending on what you eat, what medicines you take, and other things. Waste collects constantly, so you will need to empty the pouch 5- 8 times a day.Standard, Brooke, or End IleostomyThe standard ileostomy is the most common kind of ileostomy that is done.The end of the ileum (part of your small intestine) is pulled through the wall of your abdomen.Then it is sewn to your skin.It is normal that the ileostomy bulges out an inch or so. This makes the ileostomy like a spout, and it protects the skin from being irritated from the stool.Most times, the stoma is placed in the right lower part of the belly on a flat surface of normal, smooth skin.Continent Ileostomy (Abdominal Pouch) A continent ileostomy is a different type of ileostomy.With acontinent ileostomy, a pouch that collects waste is made from part of the small intestine. This pouch stays inside your body, and it connects to your stoma through a valve that your surgeon creates. The valve prevents the stool from constantly draining out, so that you usually do not need to wear a pouch.Waste is drained by putting a tube (catheter) through the stoma a few times each day.Continent ileostomies are not done very often anymore. They can cause many problems that need medical treatment, and sometimes they need to be redone.ReferencesAmerican Cancer Institute. Ileostomy guide. Last revised: 03/17/2011. Accessed 07/08/2012.Cima RR, Pemberton JH. Ileostomy, colostomy, and pouches. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran?s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 113.Review Date:7/1/2012Reviewed By:Joshua Kunin, MD, Consulting Colorectal Surgeon, Zichron Yaakov, Israel. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.last_img read more

Steve Smith continues absurdly prolific run to change the mood again

first_imgBefore this year’s Ashes the contest was expected to be two good bowling attacks against two brittle batting line-ups. In large part that has played out. One exception has been that across the first four Tests, Australia fielded three excellent fast bowlers to England’s two. The other exception, which creates rather a large skew, has been Steve Smith producing one of the most dominant sequences of batting ever recorded.Australia’s fast bowlers have mixed and matched around a core of Pat Cummins and Josh Hazlewood, giving England’s batsmen no break at all. England have had Stuart Broad in vintage form and Jofra Archer bringing a whole new energy but Chris Woakes has been marginalised and modestly effective, and his temporary replacement Craig Overton offered more with bat than ball. Since you’re here… Read more The Ashes Share on Twitter Australia sport Cricket … we have a small favour to ask. More people are reading and supporting The Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many new organisations, we have chosen an approach that allows us to keep our journalism accessible to all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford. But we need your ongoing support to keep working as we do.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism, to maintain our openness and to protect our precious independence. Every reader contribution, big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. England cricket team The Spin: sign up and get our weekly cricket email. Read more Jofra Archer says flu-ridden Steve Smith ‘didn’t look as nailed on as usual’ Reuse this content When a team takes an early wicket, spirits are high. You are up, they are down. Celebrations erupt. A second wicket should be even better. Yet since his hundred on the first day of the series, a sense of foreboding seems to spread through the ground when a second wicket falls. In comes Smith and out go hopes of taking a third.Most notable is the way that Smith has neutralised England’s best. Broad has moved the ball viciously from around the wicket to Australia’s left-handers, taking edges on one side of the bat, pads and stumps on the other. As soon as Smith has arrived, Broad suddenly appears to shrink back into being a modest right-arm trundler.With Smith’s movement outside his off stump, any lateral movement Broad can find is negated. Smith is happy to treat the bowler with respect much of the time, defending in between knocking a run or two to square-leg, but the boundaries he carved through cover at the Oval had more than a hint of dismissiveness.Archer was in with a chance early in the innings, drawing a couple of indiscreet pushes. But while England supporters seem to think the Archer bouncer is a secret weapon, Smith has calmly got underneath it ever since he was hit on an uneven pitch at Lord’s. No one in the world is less impressed by the delivery. Share on Facebookcenter_img Australia cricket team Support The Guardian Share on WhatsApp Topics features Both attacks have been refreshed with all-rounders in the final Test, with Mitchell Marsh taking his first Test five-for, mostly on the first day, before Sam Curran grabbed an important three wickets for England on the second.But still in Smith-free circumstances England’s line-leaders on their own might have been enough. Broad has so utterly toasted David Warner that the Australian opener came out at the Oval going wild against Archer, swinging and missing at balls so wide they barely landed on the cut strip. The last time Warner played like this he smoked 30 from 13 balls in Cape Town before losing his stumps, one day before he got busted sandpapering the match ball. Let us just say it does not betray a serene state of mind.Warner has been out in single figures eight times out of nine. Two other openers have failed apace. Usman Khawaja, who could have opened, had already been dropped from No 3. Travis Head at No 5 was punted while Matthew Wade bashed one declaration hundred but has not looked reliable at the crease. Tim Paine has produced one defiant innings from No 7 but needed more.Had No 4 been filled by a batsman of similar calibre, Australia might have come to the Oval trailing 4-0. Instead the visitors have had Smith, meaning the fifth Test panned out like the fourth, and the second, and the first. He came to the crease at two down for bugger-all, batted through the departures of his colleagues, then did what he could with the tail.His 80 was his lowest score for the series in six attempts. What has stood out most about this absurdly prolific run is how the atmosphere of an innings has changed every time he has walked in. Soon enough, runs came from Archer as easily. When wicketkeeper Jonny Bairstow burst out laughing after fooling Smith into a dive while taking a run, Smith immediately played a leg-side flick from Archer so pure that no one moved before it hit the fence. Don’t mess with me, it seemed to say.In the end perhaps even Smith was tired after a long series, missing a ball from Woakes that hit his pad directly in front. England would have seen it as a victory to get him for only 80. Australia were rolled over 69 runs behind, Archer taking six wickets. But again the contributions around Smith were barely there. Without him that deficit alone would have been match-losing. For now Australia remain in the game. What a series England’s bowlers might have given their team had it not been for the batting of one man. Share via Email Sign up to the Spin – our weekly cricket round-up Share on LinkedIn Share on Messenger Share on Pinterest Ashes 2019last_img read more

IMF Board to Consider Jamaica’s Programme by End of April

first_imgThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Monday, April 8, issued a statement that the Executive Board is expected to meet to consider Jamaica’s 48-month arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF), by the end of April. The following is the statement issued by the IMF:“Since the conclusion of a staff-level agreement with the Jamaican authorities in February on an economic programme that can be supported by the Fund, the authorities have submitted documentation to the IMF to confirm that all prior actions have been met. In addition, the Fund has engaged with the authorities and its development partners on the financing for the programme, including through important contributions from the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank.“The Fund welcomes the progress that has been made in the implementation of the programme thus far including the authorities’ efforts to complete the prior actions and structural benchmarks, and on the assembling of a financing package. On the basis of this progress, Fund management will submit to its Executive Board a 48-month arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) in the amount of SDR 615 million (about $958 million, or 225 percent of quota), with the recommendation that it be approved. It is expected that the Board meeting would take place by the end of April.“The success of this programme crucially depends on full and timely policy implementation by Jamaica of a coordinated set of reforms, to strengthen the public finances, restore debt sustainability, enhance growth, and bolster the resilience of the financial sector. Recognizing the sacrifice involved for the Jamaican people, the strategy also aims to minimize the impact on the poorest and most vulnerable.”last_img read more