Equity Bank Limited (EQTY.ke) 2012 Presentation

first_imgEquity Bank Limited (EQTY.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2012 presentation For more information about Equity Bank Limited (EQTY.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Equity Bank Limited (EQTY.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Equity Bank Limited (EQTY.ke)  2012 presentation Company ProfileEquity Bank Limited is a financial services institution in Kenya providing banking products and services for the personal, commercial and corporate sectors. The company offers a full-service offering ranging from transactional accounts and digital banking to school fees collection, custody investment and group accounts, trade finance, asset finance and microfinance loans. Equity Bank (Kenya) Limited is a subsidiary of Equity Group Holdings Limited and its head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Equity Bank Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

How crashing dividend stocks can boost your chances of retiring early

first_img I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Peter Stephens | Sunday, 7th June, 2020 I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. How crashing dividend stocks can boost your chances of retiring early Enter Your Email Address See all posts by Peter Stephens Image source: Getty Images. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Buying dividend stocks in the current economic climate may not appear to be a worthwhile move for many investors. They may feel that further stock market declines are ahead. And the value of their portfolio could come under severe pressure.However, over the long run, many dividend stocks that have recently crashed could deliver strong recoveries. As such, it may be worth buying a selection of them now while they offer good value for money. This strategy could improve your financial outlook. Indeed, it can help to bring your retirement date a step closer.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Value for moneyBuying stocks while they offer good value for money has been a highly successful investment strategy in the past. Following it at the present time could prove to be a shrewd move. That’s because a number of high-quality dividend stocks appear to be trading on valuations lower than their historic averages.Certainly, a challenging economic outlook could cause their prices to move even lower in the short run. But, the past performance of the stock market shows they’re unlikely to remain at depressed prices over the long run. In fact, the stock market has always recovered from its various bear markets to move to higher price levels than those achieved in its previous bull market.Therefore, purchasing high-quality companies that have the potential to pay growing dividends could lead to a substantial retirement nest egg in the coming years.Relative appealDemand for dividend stocks may not be especially high at present among income investors. Significant risks are facing the world economy that may disrupt operating environments across a wide range of industries.However, over time, the popularity of dividend stocks could increase significantly. It’s becoming increasingly difficult to generate a worthwhile income return from other mainstream assets, such as cash and bonds. Policymakers are likely to maintain a supportive monetary policy stance even as the economy recovers through policies such as low interest rates. So demand for income-paying stocks could increase.This may help to push the prices of dividend stocks higher in the coming years. The end result could be a larger retirement nest egg that makes it easier for you to generate a generous passive income in older age.Focusing on quality dividend stocksAt the present time, many industries are experiencing significant change. This may persist over the next few years, as consumer habits are potentially altered by the unprecedented coronavirus pandemic.Therefore, diversifying across a range of dividend stocks could be a logical move. It will enable you to reduce your overall risk at a time when it’s unclear exactly which sectors will deliver strong performances in the long run.This strategy could also boost your returns and provide a more resilient passive income that helps you to achieve retirement status earlier than expected. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shareslast_img read more

Hefty centre powers through three hapless players before meeting his match

first_imgWednesday Mar 27, 2019 Hefty centre powers through three hapless players before meeting his match This amusing video was sent to us for Rugbydump Blitz, our amateur submission section. It comes from Loughborough Rugby Football Club and features one of their players having an unfortunate mishap on his way to the try line at an away fixture recently. ADVERTISEMENTRich Jennings, a centre who looks like he would probably be at home in the front row, bust the line brilliantly and beat no less than three Melton Mowbray players before he came to a shuddering halt from the only thing that could stop him on the day – the left post.One of the stories goes that he thought it was another player, so intended to charge into it too.Whatever the case, the collision resulted in a very sore arm and we’ve since heard that he actually tore his bicep in the process.So while it’s quite a comical clip to watch, including the commentary that mentions a famous player who once did something similar (apologies for the bad language), the result was quite serious for Jennings and he will probably think twice the next time he tries to take on the upright like that.Submit your videos to us via social media or follow instructions at rugbydump.com/blitz Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Amateur , See it to Believe it Related Articles 32 WEEKS AGO Viral video of Scottish club brawl goes down… 69 WEEKS AGO RUGBYDUMP BLITZ: This Best of the Week round… 69 WEEKS AGO RD BLITZ – Disaster, just when it looked… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsDoctors Stunned: She Removes Her Wrinkles With This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

UK de-mining charity accused of spying

UK de-mining charity accused of spying UK de-mining charity The Halo Trust has been accused by the Russian intelligence agency of spying and aiding Chechen rebels.The charity has dismissed the claims as unfounded.Read “UK charity accused of spying” by Ian Traynor and Amelia Gentleman in The Guardian. Advertisement Howard Lake | 10 August 2000 | News  23 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Giving/Philanthropy AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 read more

M&S Sparks club card to generate 1p donation for each use

first_imgM&S Sparks club card to generate 1p donation for each use Advertisement Howard Lake | 15 October 2015 | News Tagged with: corporate About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.  267 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis24 Great Ormond Street Hospital Charity is one of the nine charities that M&S Sparks is supporting.The donations are made by Marks and Spencer plc to Charities Aid Foundation to disburse to charities. On the Sparks website it says that CAF “will in its discretion pass on your donation to your chosen cause”.Sparks is also linked to M&S’s Shwop partnership with Oxfam in which it offers a voucher to shoppers who donate their unwanted M&S clothes to the charity.Marks and Spencer’s launch announcement revealed that Sparks had been made possible “by the recent transformation of M&S infrastructure and its in-house digital capabilities”.Spark Something GoodIn July this year M&S launched Spark Something Good. In partnership with social action network Neighbourly.com, which M&S helped found, it is designed to inspire and motivate employees and customers around the country to take support and take part in 24 community projects. Users of Marks and Spencer’s new Sparks card will be generating a donation of 1p to charity from the retailer each time they use it.The card is being mailed to shareholders, selected shoppers and users of its financial services, inviting them to join the company’s new members club, announced today. It offers personalised shopping offers, previews of new products and “exciting money-can’t-buy experiences”. There is no charge to be a member.Any M&S customer can collect a SPARKS card from their local M&S store.The donation per use is given by Marks and Spencer, not the individual. There is no mention in the promotional material of a maximum donation per person or overall from all users.Nine charities to benefitMembers of Sparks are invited to choose from nine national charities when they register their card online. They are all charities with which M&S has an existing or previous relationship.After selecting one charity, you can then change your preference at any time by logging into your account and choosing another.It is not clear when the charities will receive their share of donations – monthly, quarterly or annually perhaps?The charities are:• Macmillan Cancer Support• Marine Conservation Society• WWF• Unicef• Breast Cancer Now• Shelter• The Woodland Trust• Great Ormond Street• The Royal British LegionM&S Sparks members can choose to support one of nine charities AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis24last_img read more

Conflict arises over renaming military bases

first_imgJune 14 — The massive Black Lives Matter uprising has aroused demands that the U.S. Armed Forces rename the 10 military bases named for Confederate generals and ban the use of racist symbols — such as the Confederate battle flag. For the second time in weeks, top military officers must confront the president. Earlier the Pentagon’s highest generals and admirals denounced Trump’s threat to use active-duty troops against antiracist demonstrations. This time Trump said he would refuse to rename any military bases.Both recent conflicts involving Pentagon officers vs. Trump reflect the innate class and racial contradiction within the U.S. military. The military recruits rank-and-file troops and noncommissioned officers from the working class, with high concentrations from oppressed communities. With 17 percent of troops in all the forces African Americans, and an even greater concentration of Black Americans and other people of color in the Army and Marines, the potential exists for massive dissension, disaffection and even revolt at a time when antiracism is at the top of the masses’ agenda. Since the movement among civilians has many active supporters among young white workers and students, the same may be true among members of the Armed Forces — given the pervasiveness of racist ideology of U.S. society.No more acceptance of open racismThe top officers realize that the movement that arose after George Floyd’s murder has made it impossible for the Armed Forces to continue to accept or stonewall decades of insulting racist treatment of its  people of color members. Troops of color have had to tolerate the gut-wrenching pain of training and serving in bases named for racist, proslavery officers who committed treason by supporting secession in the 1861-65 Civil War.Now the largest protest movement in U.S. history is saying, “No more.” And the Pentagon officers, fearing a potential movement inside the military that would have massive civilian support, are offering symbolic concessions to defuse any internal uprising.The Army has 10 bases named after Confederate generals, including the major facilities of Fort Benning, Fort Bragg and Fort Hood. Confederate Army Gen. Henry L. Benning was a leader of Georgia’s secessionist movement and an open advocate of preserving slavery. Gen. Braxton Bragg first fought the Seminole Nation in Florida and later the Union Army. Today’s movement is saying they all must go, along with the monuments to Confederate officers it’s removing by hand, where city and state governments don’t move quickly enough.The righteous fury against all racist symbols has also impacted the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Navy. In a June 5 ruling, the USMC said: “The Marine Corps shall remove the Confederate battle flag from all installation public spaces and work areas in order to support our core values, ensure unit cohesion and security and preserve good order and discipline.” (CNN, June 5) And added in a Twitter comment: “The Confederate battle flag has all too often been co-opted by violent extremist and racist groups whose divisive beliefs have no place in our Corps.” The ruling names no specific date for this action nor any consequences if the rule is flouted. That is, there are no teeth in the rule — at least not yet.The Navy’s top admiral announced June 9 that he will follow the example of the Marine Corps regarding removal of public displays of the Confederate battle flag.Symbols and struggleThe simple removal of racist symbols, which would mark a progressive advance, would still leave intact the basic reactionary nature of the U.S. Armed Forces. The Pentagon pretends its role is to defend freedom and democracy. Its real main task, however, is to impose the rule of U.S.-based banks and giant monopoly corporations on the people of the world — that’s U.S. imperialism. For the new movement now underway, however, whose aim is to smash not only the symbols of racism, but to eliminate structural racism in all its forms, these developments in the Armed Forces should send a signal. They provide an opening to support antiracist movements within the Armed Forces and to support any individual service members who speak out or act against racism. As this battle against racism in the Armed Forces develops, it brings people into struggle, open to new ideas, including the troops. Trump’s racist orders mean a sharp conflict may occur. This struggle can provide an opportunity to explain the central reactionary role of the U.S. Armed Forces and to organize resistance, including among rank-and-file troops.Catalinotto is author of “Turn the Guns Around: Mutinies, Soldier Revolts and Revolutions.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Veterans Join Lawmakers in Call for Extension of Wind Energy Incentive

first_imgHome Energy Veterans Join Lawmakers in Call for Extension of Wind Energy Incentive SHARE Previous articleHSUS Takes Another Stab at Pork Checkoff with Complaint to OIGNext articleAgriculture Secretary Vilsack Comments on Soaring U.S. Exports Andy Eubank SHARE A group of lawmakers joined 40 veterans, many of whom have found post-military careers in the wind energy industry, Wednesday to urge Congress to include an extension of the production tax credit for wind energy in year-end legislation to continue expiring tax provisions. Iowa Senator Chuck Grassley said the production tax credit for wind is working and should be part of the effort in Washington to help get more Americans working. He added that certainty about tax policy and affordable energy are factors for economic growth. According to Grassley – as much energy as possible should be produced at home to create jobs and strengthen economic and national security.The Senate Finance Committee passed an amendment to extend the production tax credit for wind in August. Legislation to extend the production tax credit in the House of Representatives has 118 co-sponsors.Source: NAFB News Service Facebook Twitter Veterans Join Lawmakers in Call for Extension of Wind Energy Incentive By Andy Eubank – Nov 29, 2012 Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Off campus attempted robbery incident at local apartment complex

first_imgI am the executive editor of TCU 360 from Raleigh, North Carolina. If you walk by my desk in the newsroom you’ll immediately know I’m Post Malone’s biggest fan. I’m always looking for a good story to tell! If you have any story ideas, feel free to reach out! Go Panthers! Linkedin Linkedin ReddIt Two students joined harassment and discrimination lawsuit against TCU printBoth the Fort Worth and TCU Police Departments are searching for a suspect involved in an attempted armed robbery that occurred Friday in the 3500 block of South University Drive.A public safety announcement from Robert Rangel, assistant chief of police at TCU, stated that the suspect attempted to rob a female TCU student at knifepoint in the stairwell of her apartment complex. The incident occurred at approximately 3:45 p.m.The white male is believed to be approximately 30 years old and wearing a maroon hoodie and blue jeans, according to Rangel.Rangel, along with the Fort Worth and TCU Police Departments, encourages anyone who sees an individual matching the description or knows any additional information about the incident to call TCU Police at 817-257-7777. If off campus, dial 911. Robbie Vaglio Facebook Previous articleA look into the Rho Gamma application processNext articleHoroscope: January 20, 2018 Robbie Vaglio RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ Twitter TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ + posts Snow temporarily stepping down as honors dean ReddIt Robbie Vagliohttps://www.tcu360.com/author/robbie-vaglio/ What to watch during quarantine TCU Police are searching for a suspect in a local attempted armed robbery. (Photo by Hank Kilgore) TCU wants ex-professor’s discrimination suit dismissed Facebook Twitter Welcome TCU Class of 2025last_img read more

Permian Basin rig count rises by two

first_imgLocal NewsBusiness Pinterest Baker Hughes logo 2 The rig count in the Permian Basin increased by two the week ending Friday, the latest count by Baker Hughes shows, with 435 rigs active in the region.Nationally, the oil and gas rig count increased by three to a total of 978 rigs. A year ago, 754 rigs were active. The count shows that 799 rigs sought oil, an increase of one from the previous week, and 179 explored for natural gas, an increase of two from the previous week. The U.S. rig count peaked at 4,530 in 1981. It bottomed out in May of 2016 at 404.The regional benchmark Plains-West Texas Intermediate Posting ended Friday at $60 per barrel, up $2 from last week. National benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude ended at $63.55 per barrel, up $1.87 from last week.ON THE NET: Baker Hughes rig count. Facebook Pinterest Twitter WhatsApp Facebook By admin – February 23, 2018 Permian Basin rig count rises by two Twitter Previous articleDAILY OIL PRICE: Feb. 23Next articleOPD warns of phone scam admin WhatsApplast_img read more

Criminal Law and Human Rights: ‘Distinctive Discrimination’ and Article 21 Rights to Fair Trial

first_imgColumnsCriminal Law and Human Rights: ‘Distinctive Discrimination’ and Article 21 Rights to Fair Trial Bhavani B Mohan25 Dec 2020 4:15 AMShare This – x[This lecture was delivered on 14 December 2020 as part of the KG Kannabiran Lectures on Law, Justice and Human Rights – organised by the family of KG Kannabiran (1929-2010) to celebrate his life, his work and its futures] Abstract: Advocate BB Mohan discusses his work with KG Kannabiran in the TADA STF cases, the Coimbatore Serial Blasts case, the Nallakaman case and the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login[This lecture was delivered on 14 December 2020 as part of the KG Kannabiran Lectures on Law, Justice and Human Rights – organised by the family of KG Kannabiran (1929-2010) to celebrate his life, his work and its futures] Abstract: Advocate BB Mohan discusses his work with KG Kannabiran in the TADA STF cases, the Coimbatore Serial Blasts case, the Nallakaman case and the experience of understanding the intricacies of criminal conspiracy through conducting trials in cases that exhibited the bias of ‘distinctive discrimination’. In providing this eye-opening account, he opens out the connections between human rights, criminal justice and Article 21 rights in trial courts. Good Morning to all. I come from Bhavani, Erode district of Tamil Nadu. It is an honour for me and I was very delighted when Kalpana Kannabiran asked me to share my experience with KGK. I am very proud of it because he is one of the greatest men I have seen in my life. I too hail from a communist family – my father and all other family members were members of the Communist Party. I was a full-timer of the communist party for some time when I was studying law. After finishing my law course, I wanted to join the office of NT Vanamamalai. He told me that I must go to the grassroot level and start my work there. I started my practice and especially, started to work with the tribal people. I have taken up many cases of tribal people from the Western Ghats. It was during that time that I saw that in the name of nabbing Veerappan innocent tribal people have been subjected to excesses in the hands of the Special Task Force of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. I took up the case of Cholagar Dhotti, where tribal people were living. You might know this place, about which even Balamurugan has written a novel. The people of this area were taken to the STF camps and subjected to inhuman torture at the hands of the officers — even shocks were administered to them – and they were let off on 17 February 1996. Forty people, whose bodies were badly injured. That is when EP Gunasekaran, the president of the tribal association and I took them to the hospital and then to the district collector. Both of us represented the case but no one took us very seriously. Gunasekaran said that something must be done. In 1996, Protection of Human Rights Act was passed in the Parliament. Human Rights organisations, Human Rights courts and State Human Rights councils had been formed. Therefore, instead of going to the High Court I decided to file a private complaint at the Erode CJM court that was designated as the Human Rights Court at the time. Justice Thanikachalam was elevated as a High Court judge at the time. So, I filed a private complaint under 212 Cr.P.C that these people have been subject to torture and must be given treatment and compensation and other things within the extent of my knowledge. Justice Thanikachalam then said, “of course this is a Human Rights Court and it has been designated as a Special Court but where are the rules of practice? Under what provision of law can I take up the complaint and where is the penal provision for me to act under?” So, he returned the private complaint. I represented the complaint again. There is a board there that says ‘Human Rights Court’ because this is the place I can raise a complaint. Mr. Balamurugan who was one of the secretaries of the PUCL at the time was my junior in the office. He took up the matter and sent the complaint to Justice VR Krishna Iyer, who was after his retirement in Kochi. He read the complaint and got very riled up about the way in which it was treated. So, he sent a letter to KA Swamy who was the Chief Justice then of the Madras High Court. Chief Justice KA Swamy then went through the letter written by VR Krishna Iyer and constituted a suo moto revision under the Indian Constitution under Justice Karpaga Vinayagam. This suo moto revision was taken up by the high court and summons issued to all solicitor generals, all public prosecutors, all human rights organisations and all. That time only Suresh, President of Tamil Nadu PUCL engaged KGK to attend the case and all. That was the first time we got an opportunity to participate with him and attend all the seminars and hearings. That was the first time I got the chance to meet such a great man. He was such a simple man, a humble man but at the same time an entire think tank. So, first he participated in a seminar, just one day prior to the hearing where he patiently listened to all the views. All the senior counsels appeared there in the PUCL meeting organised by them. We also participated in the discussion. At that time we were practising at the district level and magistrate level courts. I had not even attended the High Court. KGK patiently heard all the views on the Human Rights Act and explored the way in which it was to be taken forward. He also addressed the meeting, where he brought out a lot of international laws and spoke of a lot of other things. Then, before the court, Justice Janarthanam who was well-versed in criminal law and the CrPC, he brought out the ways in which the case could be addressed and stayed within the bounds of the criminal law. But when senior KGK started his arguments in front of the court he started from UDHR, ICCPR and the international struggle for human rights. He then compared the Indian constitution and Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles to the UDHR, and 1966 covenants and all, and convinced the court that the Human Rights Court was the first court to take up the cases for trial and issue punishments – he beautifully presented the case. We participated in six submissions. Almost all the judges, learned seniors and solicitor generals from the central government and all the public prosecutors, NGOs and human rights organisations participated there. That is the first time we heard his submissions before the court with all his conviction and that is when we found out that he participated in international seminars and movements and human rights organisations and all. Suresh has played a huge role in bringing him into the discussion and the very trial we had filed before the court. It was dismissed, but anyway, only after the judgement of that case (V.P. Gunasekaran v. Government of Tamil Nadu) all the human rights courts all over India started functioning. Till then, because no rules were present, all the courts were kept idle. The functioning started only with the judgment passed by the Madras High Court — that is a historical contribution there. That time we were with KGK and of course his constitutional expertise has been received by me in a great way. Subsequently Mr. Nakkeeran Gopal, editor of the bi-weekly ventured into the forests and his reporters got an interview of the forest brigand Veerappan.   The interview was about the Former Chief Minister Jayalalithaa and she got very wild. She even included in her manifesto that if she came to power she would arrest Nakkeeran Gopal and put him behind bars. She then came to power and started filing a lot of cases against him for which I was representing him in Coimbatore, Erode and western regions. He then discussed with me the cases which Jayalalitha was filing against them and that is when I said that this is the case where senior Kannabiran should come and argue. At the same time, Murasoli Maran MP of the DMK also advised Mr. Nakkeeran Gopal that there was only one person in India- Mr. KG Kannabiran who could handle this case – so get him to the Madras High court. At the time Justice Subhashan Reddy was the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court.   That is when I stayed with him for about four hearings in the hotel and the experience was something great for me. Even though Subhashan Reddy was from AP and close to KGK, he always pushed the case and said it would be put up for special listing – he did this four times. This is because Subhashan Reddy feared to take up the case. He knew that if KGK opened his mouth then he would speak a lot of things. That is when I noticed that even judges were frightened of him and did not know why at the time. All of us know about the serial bomb blasts of Coimbatore that took place on 14 February 1998 where in 12 places bombs exploded. Al Ummah were blamed for it and banned subsequently. That was the case which changed the entire scene of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Because of the explosion, 58 people died, 252 were injured, and a number of properties were destroyed. Total 12 FIRs were registered; 75 people were accused in the case; 158 people were arrested; and the chargesheet ran into about 17000 pages. In that case, the accused Abdul Nasir Madani, A 14 involved four states, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Three states except Kerala requested me to represent them and I accepted. They even petitioned before the high court that even the accused can be represented by counsels having experience of seven years or more. So in that way 26 advocates were appointed. In that case I also sought the support of my senior P. Thirumalairajan and he also came to the trial. The trial started in 2002 and 220 charges were framed against the accused and 1200 witnesses were examined. It was a rather tedious case. In a caged way the accused were kept within bars; we would examine the witnesses and no one was allowed to go there. In the case, me, my senior Thirumalairajan, Abu Bakr and others also participated in the examination. We knew very well that the accused were charged on the basis that 18 Muslims were brutally murdered and shot by police and other Hindutva people and in order to take revenge for those 18 Muslims these Al Ummah people had conspired in different places like Kerala, Coimbatore, Chennai. They procured the explosives from Andhra Pradesh and Mysore and other things to create explosive devices and as such they have planned the attack on the eve of the visit of LK Advani. After the 18 Muslims were butchered by the police, the subsequent murder of the police officer Selvaraj that happened on 29 November 1997 was the first case of retaliation. In the trial court all were convicted and three were on death row and in the referred trial all acquitted. According to the prosecution this was the motive behind the bomb blasts. The trial was not conducted in a fair manner. It was not an open trial because the minute I went to see the witness the man accompanying me was taken into custody. Hence, we could not do anything and the trial was a prejudiced one. Even though the accused were given the opportunity to engage us as defence counsels we were not given an opportunity to meet and know the witnesses. So out of 168 accused only one was a Hindu man, the rest were all Muslim – there was a definite bias. I discussed then with my seniors that we should engage the services of our senior KGK because it was not a mere criminal case and has got some political background because BJP came to power at the centre and they played a huge role to ensure punishment in the case. If KG Kannabiran came and argued the case then the case would be seen in a new light. Then someone said it wouldn’t be easy for him to go through 1200 witnesses but I said that we will take care of that part and he needs to be here to argue the case of criminal conspiracy only. My seniors went to Hyderabad and engaged him and the senior came and stayed here at the Murugan Lodge in Coimbatore. I used that as a chance to engage my juniors to come and see the way in which we were going to prepare. That’s when he noticed the number of youngsters there. Mr. Kalaiarasan and Mr. Pavendran who were present throughout played a huge role in the case. He sat with us and discussed the case and asked the juniors to read the scheme. This is the case in which I saw his geniusness as a strategist. That’s when I saw that he was not only a human rights or a criminal lawyer but a role model and mentor for youngsters to learn from. He invited all the advocates to express their views about all the items. We entrusted him with the responsibility of taking care of only criminal conspiracy under 120B. He just read all charges and the prior motive is only the murder of 18 Muslims, none of the chargesheets filed under 173 Cr.P.C. however had who tortured these 18 Muslims. So through the course of the reading the materials he would say “Mr. Mohan you go and take 1940 Mirza Akbar, Ajay Agarwal cases.” Like that his memory was really great. So I got old books from a retired lawyer in Madurai. He sat and discussed with us what is criminal conspiracy; the chapter 5A was not in statute book as enacted by Macaulay. It was enacted in 1938 to suppress the national movement only. He described the ingredients of criminal conspiracy and then read the charges. He heard everyone and all the seniors. Prior to the trial he wanted us to go see the atmosphere of the Court and he borrowed the coat from one of my friends and came to the court. Utrapathy was presiding officer at the time. KGK went to the court and stood up on the dais and said “I am KG Kannabiran.” Immediately the judge said “I have read your book Wages of Impunity”, which we got very happy about. Then the day for our arguments came and the first sentence he said was that, “In my career in conducting cases throughout India and in the international arena this is the first case where I can see that there is a distinctive discrimination on the score that the accused are all Muslims, minority people. I find that they are all kept like lions in a cage and this is not a fair trial. Section 327 CrPC says that trials should be open unless and until there are special reasons for it, like in cases filed against TADA and POTA however, this is a case filed under the Indian Penal Code, Explosives Substances Act and Arms Act.” “The investigation itself should be flagged,” he said. “Fair trial under Article 21 of the Constitution includes a fair investigation.” He brought out many judgments not only Indian but also ICCPR and international laws and stated what constituted a fair trial. The judge himself praised the points raised. “On one score the investigation itself was not of fair nature, and on the other hand the trial was also not a fair trial. I don’t deny the offence took place that the bombs exploded and people were injured but the trial is not as per the constitutional obligation under Article 21.” He convinced the entire court and even Judge Uthrapathy has written in his order that if all the accused got an opportunity to be represented by a lawyer like him then the order could have turned the other way. The death sentence was not imposed in the case because the investigation and trial were not upto the mark and this in itself was a huge turning point in the case. My friend Mr. Raju, HRPC read in the newspapers the very next day the point about the distinctive discrimination in the trial and that made him and lot of other young advocates very happy. Then the senior asked the prosecutors, “who were the perpetrators of the murders of 18 Muslims? You say that this is the retaliation for the killings of the 18 Muslims, so you must place before the court who the murderers were.” Then he spoke about the confessions and said he was setting them aside because it is said in law that to prove the charge of conspiracy, the conspirators’ confession is inadmissible under law. So from 1940 Mirza Akbar to Keher Singh so many cases he quoted and said that the court should not proceed on the basis of a confession statement; he even cited the first case which was 1951 Birey Singh v. State which provided this direction to all the courts. Then he said that of course, criminal conspiracy under 120 A means that two or more persons agree to commit an illegal act through illegal means. Invoking section 10 of the Evidence Act his evidence is admissible because the very basis, sine qua non of proving conspiracy is that two or more persons should agree to commit illegal acts through illegal means and there should be a meeting of minds. He beautifully argued for the next 6 hearings. His points were like a class where he was teaching the court from different points. Eight to eleven witnesses were presented as key conspirators. He asked juniors to read the submissions. According to my knowledge these 6 hearings turned the entire case in our favour. I can’t go on about the case because it is still pending in the Supreme Court and out of 167 only 18 people are inside and of course, state has also appealed. In that case the youngsters, seniors and court learnt so much. After that I met the Justice Utharapathy who is retired now and he praised him a lot and said he learnt a lot about the basic criminal jurisprudence from him. The Nallakaman case took place on 1st February 1982 in which an ex-serviceman, a colonel was in Vadipatti and his wife, a teacher. It was a tenancy problem. A policeman was the owner and in order to vacate the tenants the then SI Premkumar brought the wife to the police station and questioned her rigorously. When the husband heard the news that the wife was taken to the police station he also came there and saw that his wife was mistreated and questioned in a vulgar manner. So the husband got angry and slapped the policeman. Then Nallakaman and his son’s clothes were stripped and they were handcuffed and paraded on the street from the bus stand to the police station. The whole town of Vadipatti has seen such an ugly scene of the police beating them black and blue. The people got angry and they also filed a petition in front of the RDO. At that time 176(1A) had not been incorporated into the CrPC. So, RDO has conducted enquiry and also filed a case. Nallakaman, his wife and son were also implicated in a case in counter that in the trial court ended in the conviction. This involved a long-drawn battle in the sessions court and supreme court. The case was then taken on appeal and that is when my friend Raju said let us engage Advocate Kannabiran and we went to Hyderabad but he wasn’t keeping well at the time and said that wasn’t possible. When we narrated the incidents and the inhumane torture he agreed to come in the year 2006 to Madurai. We discussed the case in the room and all seniors came. This was an appeal against conviction and a case in counter. Justice Selvam, a judge of integrity and honesty was the judge then in the Madurai bench of the Madras High Court. Senior Kannabiran placed his submissions before him which took me back to the early days in Madurai when myself, Justice Tarkunde and others were demonstrating against the emergency and we were attacked. That’s when we came to know of the incident when the demonstrators were beaten like anything and assaulted. He brought those pictures to the court and demonstrated the human rights violations on the part of the Khaki people. Then he came to the case at hand and put forth what happened in the case, the conviction against Premkumar SI was upheld and the case went up to the Supreme Court. We could fight the case till there because of the way he put forth his arguments in the court. His presentations in the court and discussing with the youngsters before the trial is something we should learn from him. He used to say “don’t fear any judges sitting on the dais, he doesn’t know everything. It is the duty of the advocate to educate them which is why you must prepare and have deep knowledge about the case. Then you must study the law and other factors also like human behavior which you should know about before presenting before the court.” These are all cases in which we have learnt from him how a lawyer should be. In the Bombay Blast case the death sentence was imposed and confirmed also, but in the Coimbatore blasts the whole case turned around because of the arguments made by comrade and senior KGK. So, these cases we, the juniors, seniors, and jurists, judges have learnt a lot from him. He was not only a human rights lawyer and criminal lawyer, he was a humanist. My friends Pavendran and Mr. Kalaiarasu all would talk about him. Having seen that there were a number of juniors with me he gave me a mandate that I take as my life long role model. He said, “I see here Mr Mohan that there are many juniors with you. So why don’t you create 100 human rights lawyers in your career to fight for the marginalised people.” That’s why in my career I used to pick up youngsters especially from the marginalized sections and teach them whatever I knew. I would also take them to the trials and even when I took classes, I would take them to the classes. In such a way he has done a lot. When he came to the Coimbatore Bomb Blast case he heard that anti-Coca Cola agitation was happening in Plachimada, Palakkad and Abu Bakr arranged a vehicle for us to go there to express our solidarity as the senior requested. This was an international movement of sorts and I have seen his anger against the exploitation by the corporate people and his sympathies towards the common people. He came and sat patiently for many hours and started speaking. His name itself is magical for us, an icon, and acts as an inspiration for us. That’s why I take it as an honour to speak about Mr Kannabiran. Now I am appointed as a special PP in a number of SC/ST cases for which he is a role model. He fought not only for the accused behind bars but even for victims as a special PP and his role in having a formulation in the encounter cases is a very important one. Nowadays it is very easy for us to say that when there is an enounter the police should register the case. But he is the champion in these cases. When he fought against fake encounters in Andhra Pradesh he filed a number of cases and after which the NHRC has filed guidelines. On these aspects with great respect I submit that in the cases which he conducted with which we were associated, we learnt a lot. The point that he wanted to make us understand was done in a simple way. Myself and Mr. Balamurugan have conducted at least eleven murder cases, six innocent youngsters were accused and we got them acquitted. We understood the intricacies of criminal conspiracy from our experience of working with him. So, we had really pleasant memories and I am grateful to Kalpana Kannabiran to give me a chance to share them. Cases Cited Tamil Nadu Pazhankudi Makkal Sangam represented by V.P. Gunasekaran, General Secretary v. Government of Tamil Nadu represented by the Home Secretary, and others Crl.R.C.No.868 of (1996). R.R.Gopal @ Nakkheeran Gopal vs State on 5 March, 2003 CRL.O.P.NO.4254 OF 2003 AND CRL.O.P.NO.4255 OF 2003 Abdul Nazar Madani vs State Of Tamil Nadu & Anr.AIR 2000 SC 2293; (2000) 6 SCC 204: 2000 SCC (Cri) 1048. Mirza Akbar vs Emperor (1941) 43 BOMLR 20. Ajay Agarwal vs Union of India and Ors 1993 AIR 1637, 1993 SCR (3) 543. Kehar Singh & Ors vs State (Delhi Admn.) 1988 AIR 1883, 1988 SCR Supl. (2) 24. Birey Singh vs State AIR 1953 All 785 K. Premkumar vs The Revenue Divisional Officer Crl. O.P No.6693 of 2000    [Bhavani B. Mohan (or P. Pa. Mohan as he is known in Tamilnadu) started practice in 1979 in Erode district, taking up cases of adivasis, custodial torture and atrocities by the police. He is appointed as Special Public Prosecutor in cases under the SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act in Tamil Nadu by Madras High Court] This is the sixth lecture of K G Kannabiran memorial lecture series.First Lecture by Justice B Sudershan Reddy, former Supreme Court Judge -Death Of Democratic Institutions: The Inevitable Logic of Neo-Liberal Political Economy & Abandonment of Directive Principles of State Policy.Second lecture by Advocate B Nalin Kumar -‘A Lawyer With High Principles’ : A Junior Remembers His Senior KG KannabiranThird lecture by Mihir Desai, Senior Advocate -Preventive Detention Laws Allow State To Carve Out Exception For Its LawlessnessFourth lecture by Nithya Ramakrishnan – Trial Lessons From K G Kannabiran: Nitya Ramakrishnan Remembers Parliament Attack CaseFifth lecture by Justice K Chandru : Need For More Kannabirans Felt Now With Ever Increasing Human Rights Violations : Justice K Chandru  Next Storylast_img read more